From P4 medicine to P5 medicine: transitional times for a more human-centric approach to AI-based tools for hospitals of tomorrow

Within the debate on shaping future clinical services, where different robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) based technologies are integrated to perform tasks, the authors take the chance to provide an interdisciplinary analysis required to validate a tool aiming at supporting the melanoma cancer diagnosis. In particular, they focus on the ethical-legal and technical requirements needed to address the Assessment List on Trustworthy AI (ALTAI), highlighting some pros and cons of the adopted self-assessment checklist. The dialogue stimulates additionally remarks on the EU regulatory initiatives on AI in the healthcare systems.

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